peru

Welcome to our sixth collaboration with Portland, OR based record collector Sam Huff following his recent trip to Peru. The below is an exploration in sound migration over three-hundred years, tracking elements west from Europe and Africa through the Caribbean and jungles of Colombia, down the Atlantic coastline of South America until the terminus of our journey: Peru, the spiritual epicenter of South America.

Follow us through groves of tropical beats, waves of reverb-heavy guitars and the rise and descent of traditional Quechua harmonies…while we get our head right.  This is the first in a series of mixtapes dedicated to Música Peruana, spanning two essential decades between the 60s and 80s. — this is the Good Trip Peru, Vol. I.

Aquarium Drunkard Presents: Good Trip Peru, Vol I – A Mixtape

1. Juaneco Y Su Combo – Mujer Hilandera
2. Los Shapes – Ya No Vuelvas
3. Los Jaivas – Frescura Antigua
4. Inka Quenas – Vasija De Barro
5. Los Pakines – Eternamente
6. Los Wanker’s – Caranito
7. Enrique Delgado Y Su Conjunto – Alma Herida
8. Grupo Musical Kaluyo – Poco A Poco
9. Los Muky’s – Interesada
10. Los Diablos Rojos – Linda Cerrenita
11. Los Ases De Huarochiri – El Pescadito
12. Los Ecos – Gloria
13. Grupo Genesis – Corazon, Corazon
14. Los Destellos – La Fatidica
15. Conjunto Fiesta Andina – Potpurri De Huaynos
16. Selection Colquemarca – Dulce Serenata
17. Chacalon Y La Nueva Crema – Lejos De Tu Amor
18. Los Mirlos – El Milagro Verde
19. Enrique Y Su Orchestra – La Botella
20. Sonido 2,000 – San Juan En La Selva
21. Los Walker’s – Pollerita
22. El Embajador Ancashino Y Su Conjunto – Amor Recuayino
23. Grupo Alegria – Amenaza De Mujer
24. Los Hermanos Serrano – Taparacucha
25. Grupo Fantasia – Parrands Tropical

Música Peruana. It’s a tropical, soul-stirring cocktail spiked with the spirit of the Andes.

The sound of Peru is a diverse confluence of traditions and ideas, with tributaries flowing through its varied landscape from parts near and far. Afro-rhythms carried across the Pacific during the slave trade era transformed sonic soundscapes throughout the Caribbean in the 17th and 18th centuries. During that same time, Spanish colonization introduced a range of instruments to the new world, diversifying the sounds of ancient song and dance that had been developing for thousands of years by the indigenous communities of the Northern Andes. And while foreign, aural flavors mixed with local beats and hymns, the heart of the music – no matter what country of origin – was the same as it always had been: all elements of this music are about movement and celebration.

It took almost a century for Cumbia to coalesce in Colombia, mixing string and brass instrumentation from the old world with African and Andean rhythm and harmonies until a new spicy cocktail was formed. But in took only two more decades for this this sonic wave to migrate south down the coastline to Peru, where its eventual arrival in Lima couldn’t have been timed more perfectly; American surf and psychedelic rock infected the local airwaves by the late 60s, and with these imported sounds also came the electrification of strings and keys. Fuzz boxes and keyboard synths popped up in local music shops. Things got heady, and the tones and rhythms led Cumbia down a freaky new path.

In the mid-50s, Lima was a much smaller metropolitan area by current standards, boasting a population that barely topped one million residents. But as the economic and political climate of rural communities in the Peruvian highlands started to shift, a mass migration quickly changed the urban landscape. Millions more flowed from the mountains above down to the arid dune-scape in and around Lima proper. By the late 70s, the population topped four million. Makeshift squatter villages sprouted in the sandy hillsides surrounding the city, infusing the region with a new mix of rural culture.  History loves to point out this ushered in a new era for Lima – one synonymous with grit, grime and whole lot more crime. But these same historians often overlook the fact that Lima also transformed into a much more culturally diverse (and certainly more interesting) city. In a capital that was founded by the Spanish, it’s no surprise that the vestiges of colonization permeated every aspect of local culture since its inception in the 16th century. But with this new wave of native migration to the coastline came a resurgence of indigenous culture and pride that greatly influenced the not only the sound of Lima, but also the taste, texture and aesthetic of this intoxicating city.

Cumbia had undergone a hundred-year long transformation (and modernization) leading up to the late 70s, but it didn’t capture the same spirit or cultural importance that traditional Quechua music did to these new city-dwellers. Huayno, a sound that was honed by the Inca and their descendants over centuries past, was the song and dance they moved to. These Andean immigrants were the ones filling the dance halls and calling the radio stations. These were the people blending the old with the new in a way that hadn’t been done before. And it didn’t take long for the people of the barrios surrounding Lima to alter the Cumbia recipe once more.

With a nod to the native hooch of choice, the genre dubbed Chicha was born. It’s namesake derived from the unaged booze produced from fermented maize, this new (old) term perfectly described a young class of musicians who began blending the high-low harmonies of Huayno with the modern, psychedelic sounds of Cumbia loitering in Lima after the 60s. It was party music for a new generation, and visual stylings of the groups changed to reflect the bright, new sound. While taking obvious queues from provincial folk festival bands they grew up dancing alongside (read: a lot of members and an exuberant), these new groups ditched the old garb (and some older instrumentation) in favor of something with a little more panache and modern flavor. Imagine the starting lineup of the Houston Astros, circa 1970 jamming on synthesizers, wood blocks and a few fuzzed-out guitars and some simple percussion banging around in the outfield. Flip through stacks of old records in the Quilca neighborhood of Lima, and you’ll see how the aesthetic of that era matched the attitude of the emerging Chicha scene. It ignited the city of Lima, then all of Peru.

Cassette Giveaway: We made a small batch of physical cassettes for this release. Want one? Thought so. To enter, leave a comment below with the title of your all-time favorite South American record cut between 1960 to the present.

Related: Mirage – A Mixtape /  Transcendence – A Mixtape / Vox Scapo – A Mixtape

50 Responses to “Aquarium Drunkard Presents: Good Trip Peru, Vol I – A Mixtape”

  1. Los Saicos – Demolición
    https://www.discogs.com/Los-Saicos-Demolici%C3%B3n/master/513104

  2. Cassettes with this music? Count me in!

    My favorite record from South America since 1960 is probably Ayunando by Fruko y sus Tesos. https://www.discogs.com/Fruko-El-Bueno-Ayunando/release/2671402

    Love the occultish cover, the cover versions of Cuban son songs, the general rhythm and swing of Colombian salsa. You can even hear the slightest, faintest echo of Colombian cumbia in Fruko’s salsa. On a related note, Fruko had a side project called Afrosound that was obsessed with Peruvian cumbia, and it’s some reverb-heavy stoner cumbia for sure.

  3. i. Erasmo Carlos’ ‘Carlos, Erasmo’

  4. Los Far Fen, “Camina No Vueles”

  5. My favorite South America record since 1960 is Elis Regina’s Como & Porque.
    https://www.discogs.com/Elis-Como-Porque/master/512983

  6. Traffic Sound “Lux” … absolute killer, start to finish. Perfect blend of latin sounds, psych, rock… i think it is their best (even though most folks would say “Virgin”).
    Inner gatefold image is awesome too.

    and dont get me started on huayno, because i’ll be here all day haha

  7. great mix and fantastic game, hope i can win if i said that my latino record is “Rio Arriba” by Chancha via Circuito, not even because it’s realy good music, but also because he reminds us the history of South american music, folktronica is born with him!

  8. Hard to say my favorite as so much amazing music has come from South America. One album that really changed the direction of my musical interests would be Montes “Cuando Brille el Tiempo”.

  9. Victor Jara’s La Población!

  10. Heck yes to this mixtape. You should check out Los Wembler’s de Iquitos if you haven’t already. We invited them to the Smithsonian Folklife Festival in DC in 2015 to share chicha music on the National Mall. More behind the urban art and music from Peru, including Los Wembler’s and Peruvian chicha graffiti here if you’re into it: http://www.festival.si.edu/2015/peru/performing-and-visual-arts/urban-art-and-music/smithsonian

    My fav Los Wembler’s album is Carapira.

  11. Eduardo Mateo – cuerpo y alma

  12. yes to mixtape and I love love love Alceu Valença & Geraldo Azevedo self-titled form 1972!

  13. really fantastic stuff. That was a journey.

  14. Arthur Verocai

  15. I love Brazilian music, it’s one of my favourite genres. A top cut from that country for me would be Paêbirú by Lula Côrtes e Zé Ramalho (1975). Absolutely top notch creatively, it’s a real trip spread across 4 sides. I am digging this Peru mix, thanks!

  16. Ranil’s Jungle Party!

    https://www.discogs.com/Ranil-Y-Su-Conjunto-Tropical-Ranils-Jungle-Party/release/2458786

  17. Pedro Santos – Krishnanda
    https://www.discogs.com/Pedro-Santos-Krishnanda/master/651674

    I come back to this one almost every couple weeks, it just sticks in my brain. Longtime favorite!

  18. How can you choose just one.

    Favorite at the moment is a comp, Psicodelia Rural Latino Americana Vol I, put together by Sonidos Que Permanecen.

    https://sonidosquepermanecen.bandcamp.com/album/psicodelia-rural-latino-americana-vol-i

  19. Nelson Angelo e Joyce! It’s too beautiful.

  20. Awesome mix, thanks and thanks again. Also, I didn’t know chicha’s etymological roots — super interesting and fitting.

    My favorite album cut in south america after 1960 is Jorge Ben’s “A Tabua de Esmeralda” (’74). The singing alone is enough to join the top of this list.

  21. maria livia sao marcos

    i chose this because it is such a beautiful classical record, i played this for my daughter in the hospital when she was born

    https://www.discogs.com/Maria-Livia-Sao-Marcos-The-Classical-Brazilian-Guitar/release/3914470

  22. My favorite is a recent one: “O Melhor De António Variações” Thank you so much. Love this mix!

  23. Violeta Parra – Las Ultimas Composiciones

  24. My fave cut has to be: Construçao by Chico Buarque, incredible lyrics and music.

  25. Does Siembra by Rubén Blades and Willie Colón count as South American (recorded in NYC)? If not I’ll say Arthur Verocai.

  26. Caetano Veloso’s “Irene” is one for the ages. Top mixtape – thanks!

  27. The Roots Of Chicha – Psychedelic Cumbias From Peru

  28. Almendra II

  29. Gilberto Gil – volkswagon blues b/w nega 7″ picture sleeve

  30. Nice chicha selection on this one!

    Gerardo Manuel & Humo ‎– Apocallypsis (Peru 1970)

    Great title cut, the highlight, but also some cool covers thrown in the mix. Not traditional Peruvian styles here, but heavy on the organ, guitar, and drums.

  31. awia!

  32. Tim Maia-Racional!

  33. Great mix of music and excellent summer vibes! My favorite South American record currently is Telegraph Avenue – ST (1971). Would love a cassette copy of this mix if available!

  34. great mix! my favorite is Carnavalitos by Edmundo P. Zaldivar: https://youtu.be/hY9roOBLj3g?t=9m30s

  35. Loving this mix! Thanks!

    Os Mutantes ’68 Self Titled Album

  36. hard to choose a favorite, but i do have so much love for chile’s own el congreso’s record from 1971!

  37. “A Minha Menina” – Os Mutantes

  38. Currently my favorite South American record is probably Romperayo – Romperayo. There’s so much cool stuff coming out of Colombia right now.

  39. Os Mutantes – “Jardim Eletrico”

  40. Hopefully I’m not too late!
    CSS – CSS

  41. Milton Banana – Balancando

  42. thank you so much for this mixtape; looking forward to the second instalment

    my favourite is onda vaga – fuerte y caliente

  43. hi there guys>>
    since I am Arentinian one of my favourite records of all time is from “Los Espiritus”
    Listen complete here:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q9NuIVwYa9Q&t=56s

  44. At the risk of being redundant I’ll go with Os Mutantes (s/t) and Mutantes.

  45. Hey guys! I love the mix tape selection.

    My favorite South American record is Novos Bainos-Acabou Chorare.

  46. This is amazing!!!!! I plan to listen to this while I’m sailing the Greek Isles. 🙂

  47. Check this one out. (Peru) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijUBVO1Yb8I

    El Polen – Fuera de la Ciudad. <3

  48. Nico Gomez – Lupita

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRTUq786ZWI

  49. So hard to choose what the best from this era could be. I can’t choose between the classic Jorge Ben albums of the ’60s and ’70s, so I’ll have to go with Novos Baianos – Acabou Chorare.

  50. Lo Borges & Milton Nascimento – Clube de Esquina is my favorite. Secos & Molhados debut is a great one too.

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